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Pet fish: heart and blood vessel disordersRead more

Pet fish: heart and blood vessel disorders

Many of the disorders and diseases that are known to occur in fish are the result of stress, poor water quality, overcrowding, and failure to quarantine any new or sick fish to avoid spread of disease. These factors can all be minimized by appropriate care and good hygiene. Infections caused by bacteria, protozoa, viruses, fungi, or parasites may also occur.

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Facts about fin rotRead more

Facts about fin rot

Fin rot is particularly common among tropical fish, especially those who are kept in freshwater aquariums. Fortunately, this health condition is easy to spot because its physical manifestations are very specific. The fins of aquarium fishes typically have smooth or consistent edges. Fishes with fin rot have jagged and gradually receding fins. It usually occurs on the tail but it can affect the dorsal, pectoral, anal and pelvic fins as well. It can also coexist with other health conditions such as dropsy. If not treated as soon as possible, the fish may die due to bacterial infection and have impaired mobility and balance.

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Common goldfish diseasesRead more

Common goldfish diseases

Ever notice your chubby little friend sometimes floats upside-down uncontrollably? Or maybe you're reading this because you are worried he's going to kick the bucket. Fortunately, your goldfish just had a little too much to drink (air, that is)

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How to select fish for your tankRead more

How to select fish for your tank

It doesn't matter if you have an existing aquarium and are looking to add to your fish collection or if you are starting a new tank and need your first round of critters, it is important to do some research before adding any fish to your tank. What sort of things should you be looking up? The preferred water quality of the fish you are thinking of getting. Do they all match? If not, how different are they, will the fish be able to survive in the tank without becoming too stressed? The aggressiveness of the fish. How territorial is each species? Can they be kept in the same tank without attacking each other?

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How to choose a healthy betta fishRead more

How to choose a healthy betta fish

Bettas are one of several species of freshwater fish that have a relatively short lifespan, averaging only a couple of years. Because they are so short-lived, it is particularly important to choose your Betta carefully. By making a well thought out choice, the fish you take home one is more likely to have a long and healthy life.

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Tumors and cancer in fishRead more

Tumors and cancer in fish

Fish develop tumors and cancers, much like humans and other animals. However, sharks are a type of fish which never develops cancers.   Symptoms and Types    Most tumors are seen as bumps or lumps under the fish's skin. But the location and signs of the tumor can be different for each fish, and depend greatly on the type of tumor. Unfortunately, internal tumors or cancers display symptoms once it has become to late to save the fish. Also, the fish’s ability to eat and swim will be affected, causing a rapid decline in its health.   Koi fishes usually get tumors in the reproductive organs. They will have swollen abdomens and the illness can become terminal. Conversely, goldfish are susceptible to fibroma tumors and sarcoma cancers. While Gypsy-swordtail fishes, generally develop skin cancer (malignant melanoma).

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Feeding your pond fishRead more

Feeding your pond fish

Everyone loves pond fish. A tremendous amount of joy can be gained from watching koi, goldfish, and other pond species living happily in a naturalistic environment. And ponds are easier than ever to build and maintain with all the choices offered by manufacturers in today’s market, and many hobbyists who do not have the yard space, or don’t live in a climate suited to an outdoor setup, even build indoor ponds. Putting together a pond these days is a snap, but if you want your fish to remain healthy and happy, you need to make sure they have all of their nutritional requirements furnished through a proper diet. There are a wide variety of foods to choose from, so it is time to take a closer look at how and what you should feed your aquatic pond pets.

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Does your fish require live feed?Read more

Does your fish require live feed?

Why bother with live food? With all the various kinds of prepared flake fish food available, it would seem your fish could get a balanced diet without resorting to raising worms or flies. The answer is that you can maintain a healthy aquarium on prepared foods, but that varying the fish's diet with live food can enhance color, activity, and breeding success.

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Anesthesia for fishRead more

Anesthesia for fish

Anesthesia is the loss of sensation and loss of the ability to feel pain. Fish are anesthetized for a variety of procedures such as examination, transportation, diagnostic sampling and surgery. Since many of these procedures are more easily performed out of the water, a condition objectionable to most fish, effective restraint is essential. Chemical immobilization is usually less stressful and traumatic than physical restraint for minor procedures, and for major procedures the use of an anesthetic agent is required. When necessary, overdose of anesthetic agents is an acceptable means of euthanasia.

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Help, my fish swims nose down!Read more

Help, my fish swims nose down!

A fish swimming vertically, nose-down, can mean one of two things. A few species of fish do this as part of their normal behavior. However, more often than not, a fish swimming at odd angles indicates issues with the swim bladder. Swim bladder problems have a host of causes. You need to identify the cause before you can fix it, assuming the behavior is not normal for your species.

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