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'Red-leg' Syndrome in AmphibiansRead more

'Red-leg' Syndrome in Amphibians

“Red-leg” syndrome is a widespread infection seen in frogs, toads, and salamanders. It is recognized by the redness on the underside of the amphibian's legs and abdomen, and is generally due to Aeromonas hydrophila, an opportunistic bacterial pathogen. However, viruses and fungi may also cause similar reddening. Underfed, newly acquired amphibians that are kept in poor-quality water or other less-than-ideal environmental conditions are particularly susceptible to “red-leg” syndrome. SYMPTOMS The reddening of the amphibian's legs and abdomen is due to the dilatation (or stretching) of the capillaries under its skin. The amphibian may even begin bleeding from the skeletal muscles, tongue or “third eyelid,” a protective skin fold under an amphibian's eyes. Other symptoms that may be observed include: Anemia Lethargy Extreme weight loss Open sores on the skin, nose, and toes that do not heal Ascitis (collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity)

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Treating a snake from pneumoniaRead more

Treating a snake from pneumonia

Snakes with pneumonia may have nasal discharge, gurgling, bubbling or open mouth respirations. They are usually anorexic and often rest with their heads elevated. You might see the snake rubbing his nose on the cage walls to clear discharge out of his nostrils or gasping for air.

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